Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R. Br.

Family: Apocynaceae Genus: Alstonia Species: Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R. Br.( सप्तपर्णी )






Synonym Echites scholaris Linn. Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Chhatian Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name Devils tree Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Saptparni Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Upto 900 m Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit ,30 - 60 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter, cylindric, pendulous in clusters, become completely averted after dehiscence
Habitat Moist deciduous forests and sacred groves, also in the plains Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Taiwan, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia Bark Details Bark grey rough and yellowish from inside, branches whorled, young branches lenticellate, when he bark is injured a milky juice comes out
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Whorled (leaves in groups of 3 or more along stem)
    Leaf Shape Obovate
Description of Species Trees upto 35 m tall, glabrous. Bark gray, branchlets copiously lenticellate. Leaves in whorls of 3–10, leaf blade narrowly obovate to very narrowly spatulate, leathery, base cuneate, apex usually rounded; Cymes dense, pubescent, peduncle 4–7 cm. Pedicel usually as long as or shorter than calyx. Corolla white, tube; lobes broadly ovate or broadly obovate,Fruit follicles distinct, linear, Seeds oblong, margin ciliate, ends with tufts of hairs. Leaf Details 4 - 7 in whorls, coriaceous, oblong - lanceolate, obtuse or bluntly acuminate, dark green above, pale and covered with whitish bloom beneath, base tapering, main nerves numerous, nearly horizontal, parallel, uniting in an intramarginal nerve

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details