Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Bombax ceiba Linn.

Family: Bombacaceae Genus: Bombax Species: Bombax ceiba Linn.( सेमल )






Synonym Bombax malabaricum DC., Salmalia malabarica (DC.) Schott & Endl, Bombax aculeatum L. Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Semal, Kapok Tree Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Silk Cotton Tree, Indian Bombax, Red Cotton Tree Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Semal Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Upto 1400 m Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit ,8-10 X 3 Cm, downy tomentose, cylindrical, cuneate on both ends, blackish and glabrous at maturity
Habitat Occasionally found in plains from the coast, on the deciduous belt of the hills Bark Type Fissured
Distribution India, Tropical Southern Asia, Northern Australia And Tropical Africa Bark Details Bark 20-30 mm thick, gey mottled with white, longitudinal fissures shallow; blaze pink
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Elliptic
Description of Species Deciduous trees Up to 45 m high bark 20-30 mm thick. Leaves digitately-compound, alternate, leaflets 5-7, whorled; petiolule 14-25 mm long, stout, glabrous.Lamina 10-20 x 2-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-obovate, lateral nerves 8-14 pairs. Flowers bisexual, dark crimson, 6-7 cm across, solitary or 2-5 together, calyx campanulate, irregularly lobed, lobes 3-4 x 3 cm. Petals 5, 8.5-18 x 3.5-5 cm, obovate to elliptic-obovate, recurved.Stamens 65-80, 3-7.5 cm long in 5 bundles. Ovary conical, tomentose, 5-celled; ovules many. Style exceeding the stamens. Stigma 5-fid, lobes spreading. Fruit a capsule, 8-10 x 3 cm, downy tomentose, cylindrical, cuneate on both ends, blackish and glabrous at maturity .S eeds numerous, pyriform, smooth, dark brown, embedded in white cotton Leaf Details Leaves digitately-compound, alternate, stipulate .Stipules small, lateral. Rachis 12-25 cm, stout, swollen at base, glabrous. Leaflets 5-7, whorled. Petiolule 14-25 mm long, stout, glabrous. Lamina 10-20 X 2-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-obovate

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details