Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr.

Family: Burseraceae Genus: Boswellia Species: Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr.( सलाई )






Synonym Boswellia balsamifera Spreng., Boswellia glabra Roxb., Boswellia thurifera Roxb. ex Fleming, Chloroxylon dupada Buch.-Ham. Flower Color White
Common Name Shallaki Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Olibanum Tree Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Salai Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up to 900 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit ovoid, trigonous, pyrenes 3, seed 3
Habitat Dry deciduous forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Western Himalaya , outer hills of Central and South India, tropical Africa Bark Details Bark yellowish-white with dark blotches, exfoliations thin, papery, smooth flakes, blaze red, exudation white gum-resin, branchlets pubescent
Distribution in Haryana M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Rewari, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species Deciduous trees,up to 20 m high, bark yellowish-white with dark blotches, exfoliation thin papery, smooth flakes, blaze red. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, apically clustered, estipulate, rachis 11-44 cm. Leaflets 15-31, sessile or subsessile, opposite or subopposite.Lamina 0.8-9.5 x 0.5-3.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, oblong-lanceolate, oblong-ovate.Flowers bisexual, small, white, in axillary or subterminal fascicled racemes. Calyx pubescent, tube broadly campanulate, short, lobes 5-7, persistent,petals 5-7, 7 x 2.5-4 mm, white, ovate-oblong, shortly clawed, inflexed at apex pubescent out side except margin .Stamens 10, free. Ovary sessile, superior, ovoid, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell. Style to 3 mm, grooved. Stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a drupe, ovoid, trigonous, pyrenes 3, seed 3 Leaf Details Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, apically clustered, estipulate. Rachis slender, pubescent, swollen at base

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details