||Ziziphus jujuba (Linn.) Gaertner,
Rhamnus jujube Linn.
||Ber, Ajapriya, Badra
|English / Trade Name
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Up to 1500 m
||Fruit a drupe, globose to ovoid, up to 6 x 4 cm in cultivation, usually much smaller when wild; skin smooth or rough, glossy, thin but tough, yellowish to reddish or blackish; flesh white, crisp, juicy, subacid to sweet, becoming mealy in fully ripe fruits. Seed a tuberculate and irregularly furrowed stone, containing 1-2 elliptic brown kernels each 6 mm long.
||It is known for its ability to withstand adverse conditions, such as salinity, drought and water logging.
||Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, , Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippines and Africa,
||Young branches rusty – tomentose
|Distribution in Haryana
||Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Subdeciduous, spinous trees or shrubs; stem grey brown, young branches densely tomentose. Leaves variable, elliptic, ovate – oblong, 3 – 5 cm long, serrulate, base subcordate, obtuse or acute tip, dark – green, glabrous above; pale – tomentose beneath. Prickles solitary, straight or curved. Flowers in short axillary, subsessile cymes; greenish – yellow, about 4 mm across. Calyx lobes deflexed. Petals 5, with claws. Disc fleshy, 10 lobed. Ovary 2 – celled; styles 2, connate at meddle. Drupes yellow or reddish, globose, fleshy, 8 – 12 mm across.
||Leaves variable, elliptic, ovate – oblong, 3 – 5 cm long, serrulate, base subcordate, obtuse or acute tip, dark – green, glabrous above; pale – tomentose beneath. Prickles solitary, straight or curved.