Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Abrus precatorius Linn.

Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Abrus Species: Abrus precatorius Linn.( रत्ती, गुंची )






Synonym Abrus cyaneus R.Vig., Abrus tunguensis Lima, Abrus minor Desv., Abrus maculatus Noronha. Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Ratifiri, Ratti, Lalri, Gunchi, Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Bead Vine, Wild Liquorice, Buddhist rosary bead, Indian Liquorice, Crab's Eye, Black-Eyed Su San, Rosary Pea Flowering Period July-Sept
Vernacular /Local Name Ratti, Lalri, Gunchi Fruiting Period Oct-Dec
Altitude Upto 1000m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Climber Fruit Details Fruit thick, hard, oblong, 2.5 – 4x 1.5 cm 6 seeded. Seeds ovoid, red with black spot at the hilum
Habitat Commonly found in ravines of miscellaneous forests, way sides, grassy localities Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan And Tropical Africa Bark Details Smooth-textured Or wrinkled brown
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rohtak, Sirsa, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Oblong
Description of Species Deciduous, slender woody climbers to 5 m high. Leaf rachis 8 – 10 cm long. Leaflets 12 – 18 Paris, subsessile, oblong, 2 – 2. 6 x 0.8 cm, obtuse, mucronate, glabrescent above, appressed hairy beneath. Flowers pale white, tinged with pink, in leaf bearing, axillary, peduncled, 2.5 – 7 cm long bearing, axillary, peduncled, w.5 – 7 cm long racemes, usually shorter than leaves. Calyx sparsely pubescent, teeth short. Corolla 3 – 4 times as long as calyx,vexillum ovate ,wing wing falcate .Pods thick, hard, oblong, 2.5 – 4x 1.5 cm, - 6 seeded. Seeds ovoid, red with black spot at the hilum Leaf Details Leaves even-pinnate, leaflets 12-16 pairs, oblong to elliptic, base and apex obtuse, lower surface sparsely pubescent

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details