Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Butea Species: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.( पलाश, ढाक )






Synonym Butea braamania DC., Butea frondosa Koenig Ex Roxb., Erythrina monosperma Lam. Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Palash, Tesu,Dhak Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Bastard Teak, Flame Of Forest, Flame Of The Forest Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Dhak ,Palash Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up To1000m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 12.5-28 Cm Long, Oblong, The Base Flat, Wing-like And Indehiscent
Habitat Found In The Outer Submontane Tract, Associated With Miscellaneous Forests, Nearby Crop Fields, Road Sides Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Tropical Himalaya, India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Malaysia. Bark Details Bark 5-6 Mm Thick, Grey To Greyish-brown, Exudation Red, Branchlets Densely Tomentose
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Trifoliate
Description of Species Medium Sized, Deciduous Trees, Upto 15 M High. Leaf Rachis 15 – 25 Cm Long. Leaflets Broadly Ovate Or Obovate.L Ateral Leaflets Oblique, Smaller Than Terminal, 8 – 20 X 5 – 17 Cm, Cuneate Or Deltoid Base, Mature Ones Glabrous.P Etiolules 5 – 8 Cm Long. Stipules And Stipels Small. Flowers Orange – Red, 3 – 6 Cm Long, Appearing Before Leaves, Arranged In Axillary Or Terminal, 10 – 20 Cm Long Racemes.Calyx 1 - 2 Cm Long, Velvety, Teeth Deltoid, Upper Two United. Corolla Pubescent, Vexillum Ovate, Acute.Pods Pendulous, Linear Oblong, 10 – 20 X 2.5 Cm , 2 – Valved, Silky – Pubescent, 1 – Seeded Leaf Details Tri-foliate, Leaflets Coriaceous, Roundish-ovate, Leathery In Texture

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details