Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roth

Family: Tamaricaceae Genus: Tamarix Species: Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roth( झाऊ )






Synonym Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Jhau Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Saltcedar tree, Tamarix tree Flowering Period Jan-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Jhau Fruiting Period Jan-Dec
Altitude up to 1000 m Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Tree Fruit Details Capsules 3.5 - 5 mm long with persistent sepals and staminodes and subpersistent petals. Seeds ca 0.5 mm long; coma 2.75 - 3 mm long.
Habitat Gregarious along the banks of rivers and streams. Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Bark Details reddish bark, entirely glabrous and smooth.
Distribution in Haryana , Bhiwani, Faridabad, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Rewari Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species Shrub or under-sized tree with reddish bark, entirely glabrous, leaves vaginate, abruptly acuminate, 1.5-3 mm long, with a broad whitish margin. Plants dioecious. Recemes aestival, simple or loosely compound male racemes, 3-8 cm long, 7-8 mm broad, compact, female raceme as long as the male raceme or somewhat longer, 3-5 mm broad. Flowers purple or purplish pink, subsessile. Bracts semiamplexicaul, triangular, acuminate, 2.5-3 mm long, 1 mm broad. Sepals 5, ovate to broadly ovate or somewhat orbicular, c. 2 mm long, c. 1.5 mm broad, almost entire, obtuse. Petals 5, free, obovate, 2.5 mm long, 1-1.25 mm broad, entire, obtuse. Stamens 5, filaments filiform, 1.75-2 mm long, inserted in between the notches of the disc (mesodiscine disc), notches almost entire to slightly emarginate, anthers obtuse, ± sagittate; stamens abortive in the female flowers. Styles 3 as long as the ovary or slightly shorter, exserted, ovary triquetrous 1-1.5 mm long, abortive or absent in male flowers. Leaf Details Leaves 0.7 - 3 mm long, vaginate, free part broadly triangular-lanceolate to triangular-ovate, keeled, acuminate at apex

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details