||Badamia commersonii Gaertn.,
Buceras catappa (L.)
Hitchc., Catappa domestica Rumph.
||Indian almond-wood tree
|English / Trade Name
||Indian almond-wood tree, bastard almond, Andaman badam.
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Upto 800 m.
||The pale green fruit is the size and shape of an almond in its shell. Some varieties become reddish-purple when ripe. The nuts are edible, taste like almonds and are eaten.
||Tree of coastal areas throughout the warm tropics. Grows best in moist tropical climates. The tree is well adapted to sandy and rocky coasts.
||Australia, Cambodia, India, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam.
||Hard, dark brown in colour, rugged.
|Distribution in Haryana
||, Gurgaon, Morni-Pinjore
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Indian almonds are spreading trees with large, leathery, oval leaves which turn red before they fall. The tree has a distinctive shape, its horizontal branches growing in wide spreading circles at different levels on the trunk. The greenish - white female - and male flowers are on the same tree; these flowers are inconspicuous and not very showy. The pale green fruit is the size and shape of an almond in its shell. Some varieties become reddish-purple when ripe. The nuts are edible, taste like almonds and are eaten.
||Leaves alternate oval with short petioles, spirally clustered at the branch tips, 15-36 cm long, 8-24 cm wide, dark green above, paler beneath, leathery and glossy. They turn bright scarlet, dark red, dark purplish-red, or yellow.