Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.

Family: Bignoniaceae Genus: Kigelia Species: Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.( बालम खीरा )






Synonym Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC. Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Balam kheera Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Sausage Tree Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Balam Khira Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude 1000 m Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit very unusual, sausage shaped, greyish-brown, heavily dotted with lenticels, Indehiscent.
Habitat It Is A Medium To Large Tree, Up To 25 M In Height, Primarily Found In Wet Savannah Woodland Spreading Into Gallery Woodland And Along Rivers In Moist Forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Bark Details Bark Grey, Generally Smooth In Large Specimens, Flaking In Thin, Round Patches.
Distribution in Haryana Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Jhajjar, Kaithal, M. Garh, Mewat, Palwal, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Oblong
Description of Species Plant up to 20 m in height, with a dense rounded crown; bark grey, generally smooth in large specimens, flaking in thin, round patches. Leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, compound. Flowers striking, red blood with heavy yellow veining on the outside, cup shaped, asymmetric, lax, pendulous sprays. Calyx shortly tubular with 2-5 ribbed lobes; corolla widely cup shaped with 5 broad spreading lobes; stamens 4, slightly protruding beyond the mouth of the corolla tube; ovary 1-chambered. Fruit very unusual, sausage shaped. Leaf Details Leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, compound.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details