||Coccinia indica Wight & Arn., Bryonia grandish Linn., Cephalandra indica Naudin,
||Jungali Kandaroi, Bhimb
|English / Trade Name
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Up to 2000 m
||Fruits ellipsoid, with rounded, rarely acute ends, green with white strips; orange – red on ripening., smooth; seeds many, compressed, margined, embedded in red pulp.
||Along river banks, it is not confined to wetlands but often found in swamps, marshy wastelands, water-logged places, banks of ponds and rivers, rice fields and seasonally inundated areas. It is also tolerates saline and alkaline conditions
||Tropical Africa and Asia
||Stem slightly woody, many branched, angular, glabrous.
|Distribution in Haryana
||Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Perennial, climber tuberous roots; tendrils simple, rarely 2 – fid. Leaves ovate, cordate shallowly 5 – partite, segments denticulate, pellucid dotted. Flowers white; male flowers 1 – 3, in the axils of leaves; stamens 3, included; anthers united in S – shape. Female flowers solitary; calyx tube campanulate. Ovary glabrous, oblong; style long with trifid stigma. Fruits ellipsoid, with rounded, rarely acute ends, green with white strips; orange – red on ripening., smooth; seeds many, compressed, margined, embedded in red pulp.
||Leaves ovate, cordate shallowly 5 – partite, segments denticulate, pellucid dotted.