Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Typha elephantina Roxb.

Family: Typhaceae Genus: Typha Species: Typha elephantina Roxb.( पतेर, पतेरा )






Synonym Typha maresii Batt., Typha schimperi Rohrb. Flower Color Brownish
Common Name Elephant Grass Flower Type Spikelet
English / Trade Name Lesser Indian Reed Mace, Elephant Grass, Small Bulrush, Lesser Cattail Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Patera, Pater Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up to 1000 m Fruit Type Caryopsis
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit surrounded by hairs.
Habitat Swamps and riversides Bark Type Smooth
Distribution North Africa, South East Asia, China and West Asia Bark Details Smooth and green in colour
Distribution in Haryana Gurgaon, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species Shrub up to 1.5 - 2 m, and its leaf and stem standing erect. Leaves thick. Male and female flowers develop in dense, complex spikes on the same vertical stem. The male flower spike develops at the top of the vertical stem, above the female flower spike. The male flowers reduced to a pair of stamens and hairs and wither once the pollen is shed, leaving a short, bare stem portion above the female inflorescence. The dense cluster of female flowers forms a cylindrical spike Fruit caryopsis, minute, and attached to a thin hair or stalk, which effects wind dispersal Leaf Details Leaves are thick, green, erect, 5 -12 mm wide. Arranged alternately. Stipules absent.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details