G.Don, Momordica sicyoides Ser.
||Yellow - Orange
|English / Trade Name
||Spiny gourd, Teasle gourd
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Ban Karela, Jangali kanturi
||Up to 1500 m
||A special type of berry known as pepo, shortly beaked, densely covered with soft spines; seeds ovoid, emarginate, pale yellow.
||Found in deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests and in the plains.
||India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Himalayas to Sri Lanka
||Smooth and green in colour.
|Distribution in Haryana
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Climbing herbs with tuberous roots; tendrils simple. Bark rough; Leaves broadly ovate, deeply 3-5-lobed, base cordate, margin denticulate, apex acute, membranous. Flowers dioecious, solitary, axillary. Male flowers with long peduncles with foliaceous bracts at apex; Calyx lobes linear, villous. Petals oblong, obtuse, yellow. Stamens 3, inserted at the mouth of calyx tube; Ovary oblong with many horizontal ovules. Fruit a special type of berry known as pepo, shortly beaked, densely covered with soft spines; seeds ovoid, emarginate, pale yellow.
||Leaves broadly ovate, deeply 3-5-lobed, base cordate, margin denticulate, apex acute, membranous.