circummarginata Chiov., Acacia cufodontii Chiov.,
Senegalia senegal (Linn.)
||Kiker, Kumttha, Kumatiyo, Kumat, Kumatio
|English / Trade Name
||Gum Arabic Tree, Gum Acacia, Gum Senegal Tree
|Vernacular /Local Name
||The pods are straight, thin, flat, shortly stipitate and oblong (7.5 x 2 cm), green and pubescent when young, maturing to shiny bronze, often with dark patches and bearing prominent veins; seeds 3-6, smooth, flat, rather small, shiny, dark brown.
||Sensitive to water logging. In the drier parts of its area of distribution it tends to be restricted to sandy habitats and dry river beds
||Pakistan ,India, Tropical Africa.
||Bark light brown, scaly, rough
|Distribution in Haryana
||Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||A small tree, up to 6 m tall, young shoots pubescent, old branches glaucous-grey, on older stems the bark peels off in thin flakes of a darker colour. Prickles in threes at the base of the petiole, two lateral ones nearly straight or slightly curved upwards, the third recurved 5 mm long. Leaf pinnately compound, rachis with glands between the lowest and upper most pair of pinnae. Pinnae 3-5 pairs, opposite, sometimes alternate; leaflets 8-15 pairs, linear, obtuse, subsessile. Inflorescence a pedunculate spike, spike 5-10 cm long. Flowers sessile; calyx broadly campanulate, glabrous; corolla 3.5 mm long. Stamens indefinite. Fruit a pod, thin, flat, almost straight, shortly stipitate, tip with a slightly curved beak. Seeds 5-6, disc like, almost circular, ovate to linear-ovate, with a U shaped depression on either side, smooth, dark brown to greyish green in colour.
||Leaf pinnately compound, rachis with glands between the lowest and upper most pair of pinnae. Pinnae 3-5 pairs, opposite, sometimes alternate, c.1.2-2.5 cm long. Leaflets 8-15 pairs, 2-5 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, linear, obtuse, subsessile.