Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species:
Acacia senegal (Linn.) Willd.

Family: Mimosaceae Genus: Acacia Species:
Acacia senegal (Linn.) Willd.
( कीकर )






Synonym Acacia circummarginata Chiov., Acacia cufodontii Chiov., Senegalia senegal (Linn.) Britton Flower Color White
Common Name Kiker, Kumttha, Kumatiyo, Kumat, Kumatio Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Gum Arabic Tree, Gum Acacia, Gum Senegal Tree Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Kiker Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude 100-1700 m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details The pods are straight, thin, flat, shortly stipitate and oblong (7.5 x 2 cm), green and pubescent when young, maturing to shiny bronze, often with dark patches and bearing prominent veins; seeds 3-6, smooth, flat, rather small, shiny, dark brown.
Habitat Sensitive to water logging. In the drier parts of its area of distribution it tends to be restricted to sandy habitats and dry river beds Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Pakistan ,India, Tropical Africa. Bark Details Bark light brown, scaly, rough
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Bi-pinnate
Description of Species A small tree, up to 6 m tall, young shoots pubescent, old branches glaucous-grey, on older stems the bark peels off in thin flakes of a darker colour. Prickles in threes at the base of the petiole, two lateral ones nearly straight or slightly curved upwards, the third recurved 5 mm long. Leaf pinnately compound, rachis with glands between the lowest and upper most pair of pinnae. Pinnae 3-5 pairs, opposite, sometimes alternate; leaflets 8-15 pairs, linear, obtuse, subsessile. Inflorescence a pedunculate spike, spike 5-10 cm long. Flowers sessile; calyx broadly campanulate, glabrous; corolla 3.5 mm long. Stamens indefinite. Fruit a pod, thin, flat, almost straight, shortly stipitate, tip with a slightly curved beak. Seeds 5-6, disc like, almost circular, ovate to linear-ovate, with a U shaped depression on either side, smooth, dark brown to greyish green in colour. Leaf Details Leaf pinnately compound, rachis with glands between the lowest and upper most pair of pinnae. Pinnae 3-5 pairs, opposite, sometimes alternate, c.1.2-2.5 cm long. Leaflets 8-15 pairs, 2-5 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, linear, obtuse, subsessile.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details