Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Pinus roxburghii Sarg.

Family: Pinaceae Genus: Pinus Species: Pinus roxburghii Sarg.( चीड़ )






Synonym Pinus longifolia Roxb. ex Lamb. Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Chir pine Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Chir pine, Himalayan long leaf pine, Chir Flowering Period Jan-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Chir Fruiting Period Jan-Dec
Altitude 600-1800 m Fruit Type Cone
Habit Tree Fruit Details The cones are ovoid conic, 12-24 cm long and 5-8 cm broad at the base when closed, green at first, ripening glossy chestnut-brown when 24 months old. They open slowly over the next year or so.
Habitat Abundant; in submontane to montane forests, mostly forming pure patches, sometimes mixed with other trees. Bark Type Fissured
Distribution Afghanistan, the Himalaya from Chitral eastward to Bhutan, Sikkim. Bark Details The bark is red-brown, thick and deeply fissured at the base of the trunk, thinner and flaky in the upper crown.
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Morni-Pinjore, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Needle-like
    Leaf Arrangement Whorled (leaves in groups of 3 or more along stem)
    Leaf Shape Lence shaped
Description of Species Evergreen trees, upto 40 m high; Bark rough, deeply fissured. Leaves dark or light – green, needle like, on dwarf – shoots surrounded by persistent bud – scales. Male cones ovoid, 1 borne on clusters at the base of current year shoots. Female cones solitary or 2 – 5 together, bract – scales woody, with pyramidal, pointed or recurved beak; seeds obliquely oblanceolate, compressed, with membranous wings; cotyledons 10 – 12. Leaf Details The leaves are needle-like, in fascicles of three, very slender, 20-35 cm long, and distinctly yellowish green .Leaves dark or light – green, needle like, on dwarf – shoots surrounded by persistent bud – scales.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details