Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Gmelina Species: Gmelina arborea Roxb.( गम्हार )






Synonym Gmelina sinuata Link Flower Color Brownish
Common Name Gamhar, Kumhar Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name White Kashmir Teak, Cashmere Tree, Gamari Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Gumar Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Upto 900m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 7-1 In. Lon Pericarp Leathery, Shining, Yellow Outside When Ripe
Habitat Found In Deciduous And Semi-evergreen Forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam Bark Details Grey Or Greish-brown Scurfy Flakes Smooth/exfoliating
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panipat, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Deciduous trees, upto 18 m tall. Bark thick, white or whitish-grey, smooth, lenticellate, scurfy, exfoliating in thin flakes, blaze yellow. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; leaf-.lamina pinnate. Flowers bisexual, yellow with orange-pink shade, in terminal panicles; calyx campanulate; corolla bilabiate. Fruit a drupe ovoid, pulpy, pyrene bonny, ovoid with a deep depression, yellow seeds 2-4, elliptic. Leaf Details Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; leaf-.lamina pinnate

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details