Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari

Family: Burseraceae Genus: Commiphora Species: Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari( गुग्गुल, गुग्गुलु )






Synonym Commiphora roxburghii (Stocks) Engl., Commiphora mukul (Hook.) Engl. Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Guggul, Guggulu, Guggal Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Indian bdellium, Mukul myrrh tree Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Guggul, Guggulu, Guggal Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Upto 1000 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit up to 1 cm long, red when ripe, marked with 2 white longitudinal lines (or grooves), mucronate; mesocarp yellow, rarely orange, 4 lined and fused at the base; epicarp dehiscing from the base upwards on maturation. .
Habitat The growth is vigorous in the soils, which have moisture-retaining capacity. Bark Type Exfoliating
Distribution Arid, rocky tracts of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Mysore States of India, and the Sindh and Baluchistan States of Pakistan. Bark Details Bark shiny, ash to yellowish white coming off in rough flakes exposing the greenish underbark, which also peels off in thin papery rolls.
Distribution in Haryana Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, M. Garh, Mewat, Palwal, Rewari, Sonepat Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Obovate
Description of Species Shrubs up to 4 m tall; branches aromatic, thorny and knotty with papery bark. Leaves sessile, alternate or fascicled, 1-3-foliolate. Plants dimorphic, one having bisexual and male flowers, and the other having female flowers with staminodes. Bisexual and male flowers sessile, 3-5 mm long, usually red, sometimes pinkish white. Bracts 2, opposite, glandular hairy. Calyx fused basally with the disc; tubular or urceolate, 1-2 mm long; lobes usually triangular, valvate, glandular hairy outside. Petals reflexed, acute, 3-5 mm long, c. 1 mm broad. Stamens 8, very rarely 10, 3-5 mm long, free, alternately short and long, included, sometimes equalling the petals. Disc conspicuous, toothed; shorter stamens inserted alternately in deeper sinuses. Ovary 2-loculed with sessile 2-lobed stigma. Fruit up to 1 cm long, red when ripe, marked with 2 white longitudinal lines (or grooves), mucronate. Leaf Details Leaves sessile, alternate or fascicled, 1-3-foliolate; leaflets glabrous, the terminal sessile or subsessile, obovate, serrate (sometimes serrate only towards the apex), 1-5 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm broad, lateral when present sessile, serrate or entire, less than half the size of the terminal leaflet.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details