Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Bridelia retusa (Linn.) A.Juss.

Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus: Bridelia Species: Bridelia retusa (Linn.) A.Juss.( काझी )






Synonym Cluytiaretusa Linn., Bridelia retusa (Linn.) A.Juss. Flower Color White
Common Name Kaji, Khaja, Kassi ,Asana, Eka divi Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Spinous Kino Tree Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Kaji, Khaja Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude 100-1400 m. Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Drupes globose, 7-10 mm across, greenish-purple, arranged in axillary or terminal spikes.
Habitat Usually associated with Sal forests. Bark Type Prickly
Distribution Outer sub Himalaya, Kashmir to Bhutan; Indo malaysia. Bark Details Long spines when young; bark grey
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Kurukshetra, Morni-Pinjore, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Elliptic
Description of Species Deciduous trees, to 8 m high, with about 2-3 cm long spines when young; bark grey. Leaves elliptic-oblong, entire or slightly crenulate, base obtuse or truncate, obtuse or acute at apex. Flowers small, dioecious, greenish yellow, in axillary or spicateclusters.Stamens 5, filaments united below in the column. Fruits a fleshy drupe, size of a pea, purple-black.Bark yields tannin; leaves as fodder; fruits edible, sweet in taste; decoction of roots given in diarrhea; bark in boiled water is used to gargle in gum diseases. Leaf Details Leaves elliptic-oblong, 7.5-20 x 5-9 cm, entire or slightly crenulate, base obtuse or truncate, obtuse or acute at apex.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details