||Borassus flabellifer Linn.,Borassus flabelliformis Roxb., Borassus tunicatus Lour.
||Taad, Tal, Trinaraaj
|English / Trade Name
||Palmyra Palm, African fan palm , Wine palm
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Between sea level and 800 metres
||Fruits massive, yellowish black, ovoid and rounded or flattened at the apex; produced inside persistent perianth segment.
||It is a very adaptable palm, however, growing well in dry areas with 500-900 mm average annual rainfall and is quite drought resistant. It can be found on any kind of soil, preferring soils rich in organic material.
||Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Socotra, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, and Vietnam. South and Southeast Asia.
||Rough and black stem. The very large trunk resembles that of the coconut tree and is ringed with leaf scars.
|Distribution in Haryana
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Tree up to 30m high and the trunk may have a circumference of 1.7m at the base. There may be 25-40 fresh leaves. Leaves are leathery, gray green, fan-shaped, 1-3 m wide, folded along the midrib; are divided to the center into 60-80 linear- lanceolate, 0.6-1.2 m long, marginally spiny segments. The flowers are produced in big clusters of long, white string-like inflorences. The inflorescence is interfoliar, stalked and shorter than the leaves while the male and female are dissimilar. The coconut-like fruits are three-sided when young, becoming rounded or more or less oval, 12-15 cm wide, and capped at the base with overlapping sepals.
||Leaves are leathery, gray green, fan-shaped, 1-3 m wide, folded along the midrib; are divided to the center into 60-80 linear- lanceolate, 0.6-1.2 m long, marginally spiny segments.