Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Vitex negundo Linn.

Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Vitex Species: Vitex negundo Linn.( निर्गुन्डी )






Synonym Vitex incisa, Vitex bicolor Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Sambhalu, Sindvar, Nirgundi, Urikshibi Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Chaste Tree, Common Chaste Tree, Negundo Chastetree, Five Leaved Chaste Tree, Negundo Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Nirgundi Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude 1000m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 3-5 mm across, globose, purple or black
Habitat Common, by riverbanks, along roadsides as hedges Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Himalaya, Burma, Afghanistan, China, Indo-China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia Bark Details Bark thin, grayish brown or grayish white, blaze yellow
Distribution in Haryana , Kurukshetra, Morni-Pinjore, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Oblong
Description of Species Chaste tree can be described as a cross between a shrub and a tree with a single woody stem (trunk). It can grow up to five meters tall. Chaste tree's distinctive feature are the pointed leaves with 3-5 leaflets. Small, lilac or violet flowers on new growth from June to September. Flowers are the smallest of the commonly grown Vitex species. The leaves are used as a mosquito repellent. Leaves are burnt in a heap which proves very useful to get rid of Mosquitoes. Leaf Details Leaves Opposite, Digitately Palmately Compound With 3-8 Foliolate, Rarely Unifoliate, Often Aromatic Or Foetid, Petiolate, Exstipulate (obloenceolate)

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details