moringa Linn., Moringa zeylanica Burmann
||Sunara, Sainjna, Shigra-tryam
|English / Trade Name
||Drumstick Tree, The Horse-Radish Tree, Ben Oil Tree
|Vernacular /Local Name
||Upto 2000 m
||An elongate, torulose capsule, angled, longitudinally 3-valved; seeds many, 3 angled, 3 winged.
||Common; along miscellaneous forests of sub Himalayan tracts, often associated with Sal and Khair forests, or nearby crop fields.
||Cultivated throughout warmer parts of India and moist tropical countries.
||Bark corky grey, exuding yellowish-white gum.Young shoots have purplish or greenish-white, hairy bark.
|Distribution in Haryana
||Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat, Yamuna Nagar
||Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
|Description of Species
||Deciduous trees, with corky bark. Leaves usually 3-pinnate, 45-90 cm long; petioles sheathing at the base; leaflets about 6-10 pairs, opposite, central ones largest, one or more conspicuous glands at the junction of pinnules, pinnae and rachis; leaflets elliptic, ovate-obovate, 1-2.5 cm long. Flowers pedicelled, about 2.5 cm across, white or pinkish, honey scented, in large compound, spreading, 30-60 cm long panicles; bracts linear. Calyx cup-shaped. Petals 5, unequal, narrowly spathulate. Stamens 5 fertile, 5 staminodes. Ovary stipitate, 1-celled, hairy; seeds trigonous, winged at the angles.
||Leaves usually 3-pinnate, 45-90 cm long; petioles sheathing at the base; leaflets about 6-10 pairs, opposite, central ones largest, one or more conspicuous glands at the junction of pinnules, pinnae and rachis; leaflets elliptic, ovate-obovate, 1-2.5 cm long.