Haryana Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Haryana (India)
Designed & Developed by Bioinformatics Centre,Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Acacia nilotica var. indica (Benth.) A.F.Hill.

Family: Mimosaceae Genus: Acacia Species: Acacia nilotica var. indica (Benth.) A.F.Hill.
( बबूल )






Synonym Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd. ex Delile ssp. indica (Benth.) Brenan, Mimosa nilotica Linn., A. arabica (Lam.) Willd. var. indica Benth.; Mimosa arabica Lam.,  Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Babul, Kikar Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Babul. Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Babul, Kikar Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude up to 800 m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Pods coriaceous, 8 – 12 seeded, subindehisent.
Habitat Outer submontane zones, along the miscellaneous forests, open places. Bark Type Prickly
Distribution India, Sri Lanka, C. Aisa and tropical Africa. Bark Details Dark – brown bark
Distribution in Haryana Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Karnal, Kurukshetra, M. Garh, Mewat, Morni-Pinjore, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Yamuna Nagar Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Bi-pinnate
Description of Species Tree up to 8 m high; Bark black with deep narrow longitudinal fissures, running spirally up the tree, exudation gummy; blaze pinkish-brown; branchlets blackish or greyish, smooth. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines in pairs, pulvinate, grooved above, pubescent; pinnae 4-9 pairs, with a gland near the lowermost pinnae on upper side, pubescent; leaflets 20-40, opposite, sessile; lamina linear, oblong or linear-oblong, base oblique, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous. Flowers bright yellow, in heads on axillary peduncle; calyx campanulate, glabrescent, teeth triangular to ovate; corolla lobes oblong to ovate. Fruit a pod flattened, strap-shaped, straight to slightly curved, deeply constricted between seeds; seeds flat black. Leaf Details Leaves rachis with several glands; pinnae 3 – 6 pairs, leaflets 10 – 20 pairs, membranous, glabrous or downy.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details